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Partition of tRNAGly isoacceptors between protein and cell-wall peptidoglycan synthesis in Staphylococcus aureus

Abstract : The sequence of tRNAs is submitted to evolutionary constraints imposed by their multiple interactions with aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, translation elongation factor Tu in complex with GTP (EF-Tu•GTP), and the ribosome, each being essential for accurate and effective decoding of messenger RNAs. In Staphylococcus aureus, an additional constraint is imposed by the participation of tRNAGly isoacceptors in the addition of a pentaglycine side chain to cell-wall peptidoglycan precursors by transferases FmhB, FemA and FemB. Three tRNAGly isoacceptors poorly interacting with EF-Tu•GTP and the ribosome were previously identified. Here, we show that these 'non-proteogenic' tRNAs are preferentially recognized by FmhB based on kinetic analyses and on synthesis of stable aminoacyl-tRNA analogues acting as inhibitors. Synthesis of chimeric tRNAs and of helices mimicking the tRNA acceptor arms revealed that this discrimination involves identity determinants exclusively present in the D and T stems and loops of non-proteogenic tRNAs, which belong to an evolutionary lineage only present in the staphylococci. EF-Tu•GTP competitively inhibited FmhB by sequestration of 'proteogenic' aminoacyl-tRNAs in vitro. Together, these results indicate that competition for the Gly-tRNAGly pool is restricted by both limited recognition of non-proteogenic tRNAs by EF-Tu•GTP and limited recognition of proteogenic tRNAs by FmhB.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03201622
Contributor : Gestionnaire Hal-Su <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 9:48:21 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 10:50:45 AM

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Lauriane Rietmeyer, Nicolas Fix-Boulier, Chloé Le Fournis, Laura Iannazzo, Camelia Kitoun, et al.. Partition of tRNAGly isoacceptors between protein and cell-wall peptidoglycan synthesis in Staphylococcus aureus. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 2021, 49 (2), pp.684-699. ⟨10.1093/nar/gkaa1242⟩. ⟨hal-03201622⟩

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