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Open-celled silicon carbide foams with high porosity from boron-modified polycarbosilanes

Abstract : Open-Celled silicon carbide (SiC) foams were prepared from a mixture of a boron-modified polycarbosilane as a preceramic polymer and poly(methymetacrylate) (PMMA) microbeads as sacrificial agents. The process consists in the cross-linking of the liquid allylhydridopolycarbosilane (AHPCS, SiC precursor) with borane dimethylsulfide (BDMS, boron source) to form a solid boron-modified polycarbosilane with an adjusted cross linking degree. The latter is mixed with PMMA microbeads (25 pm) in a 20:80 ratio and the mixture is warm pressed at 120 degrees C forming consolidated green bodies to be pyrolyzed at 1000 degrees C under argon and to deliver open celled SiC foams with an interconnected porosity of 73.4 (vol)%. These foams combine a low density with a compressive strength of 3.49 +/- 0.56 MPa and a thermal and mechanical stability under argon up to 1300 degrees C. Ageing and microfiltration tests in the conditions of a primary loop of coolant in a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) showed that foams display a relatively high stability while retaining particles of 5 pm in diameter making these materials as appropriate candidates to work in separation techniques under harsh environments.
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Submitted on : Saturday, December 12, 2020 - 9:31:54 AM
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Charlotte Durif, Mélanie Wynn, Maxime Balestrat, Giorgia Franchin, Young-Wook Kim, et al.. Open-celled silicon carbide foams with high porosity from boron-modified polycarbosilanes. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Elsevier, 2019, 39 (16), pp.5114-5122. ⟨10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.08.012⟩. ⟨hal-02321489⟩



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