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Biotrickling filters for the removal of gaseous ammonia emissions from livestock facilities. Theoretical prediction of removal efficiency and experimental validation

Abstract : From theoretical calculations validated by the results of experiments, it was shown that the properties of the washing liquid that flows into biotrickling filters at livestock facilities determine the maximum ammonia removal efficiency (RE) that can be achieved. For a well-designed biotrickling filter not limited by hydrodynamic conditions, the ammonia driving force is mainly controlled by the pH, and also by the electrical conductivity (EC L), although to a lesser extent. With the washing liquid at a given temperature, therefore, the removal efficiency depends on the gaseous ammonia concentrations to be treated (C Gin ; usually lower than 20 mg NH3 m-3) and on the values of the pair (pH, EC L). Theoretical prediction of the maximum removal efficiency that can be achieved by simply measuring the properties of the washing liquid, in line or from samples, could be a useful diagnostic tool to identify possible failure of the apparatus and to manage the electrical conductivity to guarantee removal efficiency at a desired rate.
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Soumis le : vendredi 17 juillet 2020 - 14:56:30
Dernière modification le : mercredi 5 août 2020 - 03:50:45

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Eric Dumont, Morgane Poser, Pascal Peu, Annabelle Couvert. Biotrickling filters for the removal of gaseous ammonia emissions from livestock facilities. Theoretical prediction of removal efficiency and experimental validation. Chemical Engineering Journal, Elsevier, 2020, 402, pp.126188. ⟨10.1016/j.cej.2020.126188⟩. ⟨hal-02900402⟩

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