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MERTK-Mediated LC3-Associated Phagocytosis (LAP) of Apoptotic Substrates in Blood-Separated Tissues: Retina, Testis, Ovarian Follicles

Abstract : Timely and efficient elimination of apoptotic substrates, continuously produced during one's lifespan, is a vital need for all tissues of the body. This task is achieved by cells endowed with phagocytic activity. In blood-separated tissues such as the retina, the testis and the ovaries, the resident cells of epithelial origin as retinal pigmented epithelial cells (RPE), testis Sertoli cells and ovarian granulosa cells (GC) provide phagocytic cleaning of apoptotic cells and cell membranes. Disruption of this process leads to functional ablation as blindness in the retina and compromised fertility in males and females. To ensure the efficient elimination of apoptotic substrates, RPE, Sertoli cells and GC combine various mechanisms allowing maintenance of tissue homeostasis and avoiding acute inflammation, tissue disorganization and functional ablation. In tight cooperation with other phagocytosis receptors, MERTK-a member of the TAM family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK)-plays a pivotal role in apoptotic substrate cleaning from the retina, the testis and the ovaries through unconventional autophagy-assisted phagocytosis process LAP (LC3-associated phagocytosis). In this review, we focus on the interplay between TAM RTKs, autophagy-related proteins, LAP, and Toll-like receptors (TLR), as well as the regulatory mechanisms allowing these components to sustain tissue homeostasis and prevent functional ablation of the retina, the testis and the ovaries.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03280904
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 7, 2021 - 4:57:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 3:02:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, October 8, 2021 - 6:55:09 PM

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Marina G. Yefimova, Célia Ravel, Antoine D. Rolland, Nicolas Bourmeyster, Bernard Jégou. MERTK-Mediated LC3-Associated Phagocytosis (LAP) of Apoptotic Substrates in Blood-Separated Tissues: Retina, Testis, Ovarian Follicles. Cells, MDPI, 2021, 10 (6), ⟨10.3390/cells10061443⟩. ⟨hal-03280904⟩

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