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Pratiques de chauffage et bois de feu dans la villa des Prés-Bas à Loupian (Hérault, France), du Ier au Ve siècle après J.-C.

Abstract : The different occupation phases of the uilla des Près-Bas, at Loupian (Hérault, France), illustrate the evolution of the heating equipment in the residential areas of this uilla, from the height of the Roman Empire to the beginning of the 5th century. Each of these developments, presenting distinct technical solutions, provide information on the choices made by the successive owners and on the evolution of the prevailing tastes of the local elites. For the fourth century, we have found the remains of the last fire in the praefurnia and the heating ducts of the residence. The study of charcoal fragments made it possible to specify how the fuel was used, which species were chosen and which woodland areas were exploited. This raises questions about the quest for comfort in the pars urbana , which would allow the master of the domain to stay for longer periods; this leads us to consider that having a heating system, like having a Roman bath, is a clear sign of the level of the luxury of the dwelling and of the wealth of its owner.
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Lucie Chabal, Isabel Figueiral, Christophe Pellecuer. Pratiques de chauffage et bois de feu dans la villa des Prés-Bas à Loupian (Hérault, France), du Ier au Ve siècle après J.-C.. Studies on the rural world in the Roman Period, Girona : Universitat de Girona, 2017, Heating systems in Roman villas, 10, p. 81-97. ⟨hal-02078879⟩

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