Synthesis and characterization of B-substituted nanoporous carbon with high energy of hydrogen adsorption

Abstract : The intensive use of fossil fuels and the emission of combustion products (mostly CO2) to air have already impacted global climate. We urgently need to find a technological solution to convert the global energy economy towards cleaner and renewable fuels. A possible solution consists in using hydrogen as energy vector. Today this technology is limited by the absence of material that could efficiently store hydrogen at ambient temperature and moderate pressures.In this project we explore the possibility to prepare a new material for reversible hydrogen storage by physisorption: boron-substituted nanoporous carbons. We show that electric arc discharge synthesis may be optimized to produce graphitized structures with a variety of graphene fragment sizes, forms, and interconnections between them. The morphology, structure, chemical composition, and homogeneity of boron distribution over the carbon samples were characterized using SEM, HRTEM, EELS, and XRD techniques, and HR solid state NMR. The porosity and adsorption parameters were determined from isotherms of nitrogen adsorption at T = 77 K.Two parameters that are essential for efficient hydrogen storage at ambient conditions are sorbent specific surface and the energy of gas adsorption at this surface. We show that material specific surface can be controlled and increased by thermal and/or chemical activation to enhance storage capacity, and that hydrogen adsorption energy in boron containing samples is twice as high as in all- carbon material.
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Katarzyna Walczak. Synthesis and characterization of B-substituted nanoporous carbon with high energy of hydrogen adsorption. Physics [physics]. Université Montpellier, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018MONTS099⟩. ⟨tel-02154869⟩

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