The oligomeric assembly of the phosphodiesterase-5 is a mixture of dimers and tetramers: A putative role in the regulation of function

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are a superfamily of evolutionary conserved cyclic nucleotides (cAMP/cGMP) hydrolysing enzymes, components of transduction pathways regulating crucial aspects of cell life. PDE5, one of these families, is the molecular target of several drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension. Despite its medical relevance, PDE5 macromolecular structure has only been solved for the isolated regulatory and catalytic domains. The definition of the quaternary structure of the full length PDE5 (MmPDE5A1), produced in large amounts in the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis, could greatly enhance the knowledge on its assembly/allosteric regulation and the development of new inhibitors for clinical-therapeutic applications. METHODS: Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC), size exclusion chromatography (SEC), native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and western blot (WB) were used to assess the assembly of PDE5A1. RESULTS: The full length MmPDE5A1 isoform is a mixture of dimers and tetramers in solution. We also report data showing that dimers and tetramers also coexist in vivo in platelets, blood components naturally containing high levels of PDE5. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first time that structural studies on the full length protein evidenced the assembly of PDE5 in tetramers in addition to the expected dimers. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: The assembly of PDE5 in tetramers in platelets, beside the dimers, opens the possibility to alternative assembly/allosteric regulation of this enzyme, as component of large signaling complexes, in all cellular districts in which PDE5 is present.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 9:31:04 AM
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Silvia Cardarelli, Adriana Erica Miele, Carlotta Zamparelli, Stefano Biagioni, Fabio Naro, et al.. The oligomeric assembly of the phosphodiesterase-5 is a mixture of dimers and tetramers: A putative role in the regulation of function. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, Elsevier, 2018, 1862 (10), pp.2183-2190. ⟨10.1016/j.bbagen.2018.07.010⟩. ⟨hal-02109690⟩

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