De l'idéologie des industries créatives aux politiques de reconfiguration territorialisées : le cas du territoire métropolitain lyonnais

Abstract : This research focuses on how creative industries, apprehended as ideology and scientifically constructed theory, deploy in a non-linear way from the international to the local through the discourses and practices of heterogeneous actors (political, industrial, cultural ...) to their operationalization as part of local territory policies of reconfiguration. These refer to policies aiming at transforming the territory image. This work focuses on the metropolitan area of Lyon, which is emblematic of several processes taking place for forty years (globalization, development of ICT, decentralization...) and reconfigurationpolicies conducted in other territories (Berlin, Reims, Lille...). The analysis deploys in three steps.First, we analyse how the creative industries are defined and promoted through institutional discourses (Unesco, DCMS, Creative France...). Three types of discourses are distinguished: those with explicit entrepreneurial goals; those addressing the creative industries as ensemble of sectors related to cultural industries, to which are added few others placing "creativity" at the heart of their activities; finally, the discourses that apprehend creative industries as the central pillar of territorial development. Nonetheless, these types of institutional discourses have in common to resonate with those of the promoters of the New Sprit of Capitalism.Then, we pay particular attention to discourses and practices of professionals of the territorial reconfiguration, namely those of the public and territorial communication to which are added those of the territorial marketing. These professionals are intermediaries who contribute to the diffusion of the creative industries by promoting assumptions, practices and arrangements resonating with those disseminated in institutional discourses. If a lexicon, notions and methods from management sciencessupplant references to creativity and territorial policies focusing on innovation and creativity, a gap between their discourses and their actual practices exists.Finally, we are interested in the way in which the creative industries are reinvested in the territorial reconfiguration policies of the metropolitan area of Lyon in order to create and disseminate a creative image. The reflection is articulated here on the way in which these policies are related to a triple territorial reconfiguration (tangible, reticular and symbolic). In particular, we are interested in the operationalization of major artistic and cultural events, spatial planning projects and stakeholder networks taking place on the territory aiming generating creative image. The practices and arrangements realized on the territory are in continuity or resonate with those prescribed in the institutional discourses and those of the professionals of the territorial reconfiguration.In the end, we show how the ideology of the creative industries deploys through discourses and practices of heterogeneous actors that resonate and, as a result, contribute to reinforce this ideology. Our study pays attention to circulations, which are not only downward or prescriptive but are also re-appropriations and interpretations of the creative industries by those actors. The logics of the actors studied are stressed, while showing how their discourses and practices are in interaction.
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Thomas Bihay. De l'idéologie des industries créatives aux politiques de reconfiguration territorialisées : le cas du territoire métropolitain lyonnais. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2029⟩. ⟨tel-02311358⟩

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